International Women’s Day!

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There is a wall of silence about violence against women and girls, and every time a woman speaks out it breaks a crack in the wall


– Marai Larasi

Source: Pinterest

The history of how women’s day rolled out is quite an incredible story in itself.
Standing for their side for better work condition, In 1908 women garment workers marched in NewYork City demanding economic, political rights and improved working conditions.They honoured a similar march by their forebears in 1857, when garment workers rallied for equal rights and a 10-hour day on that date.

Inspired by this, in 1909 The Socialist Party of United States of America designated this day as first National Women’s day in honour of the 1908 protests.

German socialist Clara Zetkin had agitated for several years for a special day to mark working women’s global solidarity. Further inclined by the New York women workers’ struggles and the strong role of women socialists, Zetkin proposed designating International Women’s Day at an International Socialist Congress in Copenhagen in 1910.

2017, bought some movements bringing real changes opening up loopholes in our society. Movements #metoo #timesup saw immense voices coming out against sexual harassment and calling for change. Though these set out a strong platform for impending reforms to come, there is a lot to be done.

  •  On January 21, 2017, thousands of individuals committed to equality and human rights took to the streets in cities around the world for a Women’s March in a major global moment. Folks mobilised to raise their voices on the issues most important to them including anti-discrimination, LGBTQI rights, reproductive rights, religious freedoms, refugee rights, and more.
  • Following the takedown of Hollywood producer and sexual predator Harvey Weinstein, the #metoo movement went viral after a tweet from Alyssa Milano. Taking over every social media platform available, women across the world shared their personal stories of sexual assault to expose the global epidemic.Coined by Burke, the simplicity of saying “me too” proved the power of women banding together and speaking up.

Some of the data shared by #Timesup shows:

  • Reports say, 1 in 3 women ages 18-34 have been sexually harassed at work. 71% of those women said they didn’t report it. For too long, women have been facing this, the fear of coming out as “unnecessary victims”
  • More than one-third of the world’s countries do not have any laws prohibiting sexual harassment at work-leaving nearly 235 million working women vulnerable in the workplace
  • Nearly half of men think women are well represented in leadership roles and one-third of women think women are well represented in leadership roles. The ground reality when seen is, only 1 in 10 senior leaders are women
  • In the last 10 years, only 4% of top-grossing directors were female. Only 7 of these directors were women of colour.Are we better off today? Though these set out a strong platform for impending reforms to come, there is a lot to be done

Whenever there’s a movement like such, men and women stand in solidarity with support giving strong stance towards the stepping change to eradicating sexual violence and abuse. Standing in support can bring confidence and bring wonders in a movement.

Not only it assuages the initial fear to reveal the trauma one has faced but also eliminates the doubt of self-blaming for facing any sort of abuse. So, it’s not for the sake of “attention” that people come out in support, but for equity and parity across all sections.

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To all the ladies out there, realise your worth. Do not let your unwavering strength, passion and resilience go in vain. Mould it, Gather that will to be seen, to speak up, to keep going, to be your powerful self.  Here’s to strong women. May we know them. May we be them. May we raise them


Happy Women’s Day ♥

China : Polity and Military…(Part-2)

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In 1949, there was a civil war in China and the government (ROC) lost control which established the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Since then, PRC is commonly known as China and the ROC as Taiwan. China has a mutual understanding with its neighbouring countries, they have good relations with the countries who recognise PRC as China. If a country is found to have ongoing relations with Taiwan, China refrains its relations with that particular country.

China’s borders have changed many times over the centuries and relations with neighbours is a complex narrative of the historical development of China. It was only in the nineteenth century that China’s borders were fixed and the concept of China as a nation-state was developed, previously the Chinese considered themselves rulers of ‘all under heaven’. neighbours.jpg

China-North Korea:

China’s support for North Korea dates back to the Korean War (1950–1953). Since the war, China has lent political and economic backing to North Korea’s leaders.
After North Korea’s most recent nuclear test in September 2017, China called on North Korea “to stop taking wrong actions that exacerbate the situation. But Beijing continues to have significant economic ties with Pyongyang.
China provides North Korea with most of its food and energy supplies and accounts for more than 90 percent of North Korea’s total trade volume. China’s strategy to re-establish its hegemony over North Korea has two main components.

  •  The first component is reminding North Korean regime officials of their country’s dependency on China.
  •  Secondly, to raise the costs of aggression that undermines China’s strategic interests.

China – South Korea:

A democratic country has seen for its super fast growth in the Global economy. These are archrival to the Chinese, as China supported NK for a long time in the past.

Relations between the two countries hit a low in March after Seoul refused to halt the deployment of the anti-missile system, known as Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), which Beijing deems a threat to its national security.

China is South Korea’s largest trading partner, and it used this economic clout to punish Korean businesses when the antimissile system was deployed. Trips by Chinese tour groups to South Korea were suspended, with the number of Chinese visitors dropping 60 percent.

China-Japan:

1931 when the Japanese invaded Manchuria and later in In 1937, Japan invaded the city of Mankind, killed and looted China. Plunder of this known as “Rape of Nanking”. This past act from Japan still effects their relation with China.
In 1937, Japan invaded the city of Mankind, killed and looted China. Plunder of this known as “Rape of Nanking”. This past act from Japan still effects their relation with China.
Yasukuni shrine in Japan is built in memory of soldiers.

 

 

China-Mongolia :

Second largest landlord country by area.
A predominantly Buddhist country, they invited ‘The Dalai Lama’ – the leader of People of Tiger. This angered the Chinese coz he doesn’t believe in unification of China.

China-Kazakhstan:

Uranium mining in Kazakhstan is of considerable importance to the national economy. Kazakhstan exports 40 percent of the world’s total raw uranium
Kazakhstan has enriched uranium with Russia and is now cooperating with China. Once the uranium factory is completed, the country will supply uranium to China’s five nuclear power plants.

India-China:

McMahon line which draws boundaries between China and India & Myanmar.

China accepts this boundary with Myanmar but not with India. because McMahon line, which was drawn in 1914 Simla convention because China believes that it

was not a party to Simla Convention so it is not bound to accept
the boundary demarcated by Simla convention.

Tawang in Andhra Pradesh, India: Chinese map show Arunachal Pradesh as its territory occupied by India. It claims 90,000 square kilometres of territory held by India in Arunachal Pradesh.China claims King of Tawang paid tribute to China as it’s a part of China.

India claims 43,180 squares Kilometers of Jammu and Kashmir occupied by China including 5180 square kilometres cede to China by Pakistan under a 1963 China-Pakistan boundary Agreement.

Shenyang in China: A Muslim province in China, where its citizens are deprived to follow Islamic rules. They aren’t allowed to fast, no Hijab. A citizen is deprived of the right to Education- if his name includes “Mohammed” ( Holy Prophet of Islam). East-Turkistan movement in Sheyong was observed where Muslims in Sheyong vis, Uighur demanded to move to the state of Turkistan

Political Ideology in China:

China follows Communism, where only single political party rules: One Party system.
The single party is the state and Government, it makes all political decisions.

After Deng Xiaoping started experimenting the free market reform in the early 1980’s, China went on to launch a big bang reform every 4-5 years and each new opening – First to private farming, then to private businesses, then to foreign businesses set off a new spurt of growth. The resultant followed; FDI started, businesses were set and employment increased.
He started the 1 child policy in 1979, which was later abolished in 2015.
In 1978, he décollectivised the norm, stating the farmer could own part of the share of land. The production would go more to farmers and less to the states, thus production also increased during his period.

China’s rise as an export-manufacturing power has not slowed the long-term decline of global manufacturing; it has consumed more and more quickly into the share of steel, TVs, cars, and other goods manufactured in the West. China doesn’t hesitate to invest in construction. Today, it has 20,000km (12,500 miles) of high-speed rail lines, more than the rest of the world combined. It is planning to lay another 15,000km by 2025
South-to-North Water Diversion Project: in China is the largest of its kind ever undertaken. The project involves drawing water from southern rivers and supplying it to the dry north. Planned to completion in 2050.
in 1999-Atal Bihari Vajpayee proposed we should link our N-S rivers, the then cost was accounted to be around 5.65lakh crore.

West-East Gas Pipeline: Oil and gas pipelines are branching out, as more and more countries rely on imports for their energy supplies.

This Project was carried out in 3 stages, First in 2002. In October 2012 the third West-East pipeline, which will span more than 5,000 km starting from the northwestern border in Xinjiang to Fujian province in the southeast, will have a capacity to transport 30 billion cubic metres (ccm) per year. The pipeline will be supplied from Central Asia–China gas pipeline.

 

How Communism started in China?

In 1949, Chiang Kai-shek  Nationalist party was defeated by Mao Zedong of Communist Party. Losing this civil war, Chiang flew to Taiwan.

Mao Zedong was often called as Father of MOdern China(1949-1976)

He never took a path, some of his plans were:

  • The Great leap forward: The economic vision Mao had focused on increasing agriculture & industrialization. Steel production was more than Britain. He forced people to produce steel, which saw a decline in agriculture and food production. IN 1958-1961, it was estimated that about 30 million people died due to starvation.
  • Polit Bureau: Highest decision-making by Communist Party.
    In 1966, Mao came up with Cultural Revolution, an attempt to root out elements seen as Anti-Communist.
    China’s culture was built on ideas of Confucius

    • Jen is a sense of the dignity of human life–a feeling of humanity towards others and self-esteem for yourself.
    • Concrete guide to human relationships and the general principle of social order or the general ordering of life.
  • Mao was against this, He started The Cultural Revolution: Where he urged people to destroy the “four olds” – old ideas, old customs, old habits and old culture. Gangs of students and Red Guards attacked people wearing “bourgeois clothes” on the street, “imperialist” signs were torn down and intellectuals and party officials were murdered or driven to suicide
    • The Cultural Revolution’s official handbook was the Little Red Book, a pocket-sized collection of quotations from Mao that offered a design for Red Guard life.
    • “Be resolute, fear no sacrifice, and surmount every difficulty to win the victory!” read one famous counsel.During the 1960s, the Little Red Book is said to have been the most printed book on earth, with more than a billion copies printed.

Military:

Air-Force: The 398,000 strong People’s Liberation Army Air Force is organised into five Theater Command Air Forces (TCAF) and 24 air divisions. The largest operational units within the Aviation Corps is the air division, which has 2 to 3 aviation regiments, each with 20 to 36 aircraft

Navy: Until the early 1990s, the navy performed a subordinate role to the PLA Land Forces. Since then it has undergone rapid modernisation. The 255,000 strong People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) is organised into three major fleets.

The navy includes a 10,000 strong Marine Corps (organised into two brigades), a 26,000 strong Naval Air Force operating several hundred helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, plus a 25,000 strong Coastal Defense Force

Rocket- Force: The People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force is the main strategic missile force of the PLA. It controls China’s nuclear and conventional strategic missiles. China’s total nuclear arsenal size is estimated to be between 100 and 400 nuclear weapons. The PLARF has approximately 100,000 personnel and six ballistic missile divisions (missile corps bases). The six divisions are independently deployed in different theatre commands and have a total of 15 to 20 missile brigades.

 

Injustice? You should be concerned! 

To every side that you take, Choose!

Source: Google

Choose to be on the right side rather than calling yourself neutral. When you don’t speak out, you’re indirectly taking the side of the oppressor. Yes, do you realise that? Walking away from the injustice because you don’t wanna get involved in an ‘unnecessary act of screenplay’ thinking it’s not unwary on your part. 

When you live in a society, to look into right and wrong should come inherently. And there’s no doubt that one should develop a sense of empathy for the outcasts. It may be your domestic help or a victim of domestic violence right in your lane who is suffering. It might be some kid beaten up in the alley. Do you think it’s right to walk away from these things? 

I’ve seen people arguing that, they would rather let the wrong happen and turn around unjustly than supporting the minority. Because it’d isolate them from the majority. This is fucked up right? This often happens at every stage, whether its a school project scenario or taking a stand at the workplace. 

You might want to have an unbiased state of mind, you believe that everyone deserves equality. We cannot expect the justice to persist and come serve us. But who are the stakeholders here? Are we benefitting from this?

Being ‘Neutral’ on social issues doesn’t mean you’re doing justice to your belief but instead,  you’re giving a chance to think that he/she is doing nothing wrong.   

Next time you walk around, be neutral  Take the side of  JUSTICE.

China: Economic Powerhouse. (Part 1)

Chinese Economy has flourished throughout history, booming at explicit growth.

China now is the world’s second-largest Economy in GDP-PPP followed by the United States and the third-largest economy by nominal GDP in 2017. The economy focuses on manufacturing & services.

Exports (’16): $2.09 trillion ∼(India’s GDP) being 1st largest Exporter in the world.
Imports(’16): $1.58 trillion being 2nd largest import country followed by the US.

Sectoral contribution to GDP,
Agriculture= 9%
Industry=40.5%
Services=50.5%

Chinese biggest E-commerce company by sales, Alibaba has a net worth of $480 billion.
On Nov 10, 2017, Alibaba observed Single’s Day where sales had hit a new record of $25.3 billion, more than 40 percent higher than sales on Singles Day 2016- $15 billion (revenue of TCS) – Yes, legit Jaw drop!  Singles Day is now inextricably linked with Alibaba, the Chinese e-commerce leviathan.

In addition, Lenovo &  Xiomi being their largest PC makers & phone manufacturer.

China plays an important role in world’s economy, any slowdown leads to descending impact to the latter. Chile being the major exporter of Copper to China, saw an adverse impact on its Economy when economic slowdown of China led to the lower import of Copper.

THE CHINESE DREAM: Xi Jinping’s ‘Two 100’s dream

A term popularised after 2013 within Chinese socialist thought that describes a set of personal and national ideals.

  • First 100: To convert China to moderately well-off society by 2021
    • 2021 marks the 100th anniversary of Communist party of China.
  • Second 100: Make China fully developed nation by 2049
    • 2049 marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of People Republic of China(PRC)

The Chinese Dream has four parts:

  • Strong China (economically, politically, diplomatically, scientifically, militarily);
  • Civilized China (equity and fairness, rich culture, high morals);
  • Harmonious China (amity among social classes);
  • Beautiful China (healthy environment, low pollution)

One Road One Belt (OBOR):
In 2013, improve communication & co-operation between 60 countries.
Connect China with Eurasia-
1) Land-based: Silk Road Economic Belt
2) Sea-based: Maritime Silk Road

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) :

  • Part of OBOR. Gives China access to West-Asia & Africa.
  • Built Economic corridor connecting Pakistan Port city of Karachi & Gwadar to Western China. RAIL network- Pakistan Kashger to China.
  • Pakistan often loses 1% GDP due to energy shortage. For which China builts infrastructure highways, railways, port & electricity plants.This adds 2% contribution to Pakistan’s GDP.
  • Oil gas comes from West-Asia (Nigeria, Angola) to Gwadar by road. Pipeline- Pakistan through PoK & move to Karokaram highway to China.

With its high spiking growth and ambitious plans, data provided by the Chinese government is not reliable for many reasons, some of them are:

  • Domestic sales rising in China: If a mouse is manufactured & moved out of the factory, its regarded as ‘sale’ in China, whereas in other countries- when the mouse is purchased by the customer its ‘sales’.
    Here’s where Chinese play win-win by shooting up its Domestic sales figures!
  • Employment rate: If a person is fired, Chinese government treats him as unemployed. But, if the person resigns, he is still not counted unemployed.
    Corporates, Industries force people to resign than firing to keep up the employment figures to boost up their GDP.
  • Cybernet control: Protected by firewall called “Great Firewall of China” Chinese control the Cybernet denying freedom to its citizens. They cannot search ‘Democracy’, ‘Dalai Lama’ (for speaking against their socialist nature), ‘July 4th’ and many more.         
            No access to FacebookRenren.com is their leading social network.
            No Twitter, but Vevo is allowed.
  • Yuan valuation:
    The government of China popped up Yuan value from its Market value of
    1$= 4 Yuan to 1$= 6.8 Yuan

China has emerged as an Economic Superpower and is also heading in Global leadership with its uprising plans.